41. Which of the following may not be properly used as prior art for purposes of rejecting a
claim under 35 U.S.C. § 102(b) in an application having an effective filing date of Monday,
May 3, 1999?
(A) A journal article, published Saturday, May 2, 1998, disclosing all the claimed
elements and fully teaching how to make and use the invention as claimed.
(B) A foreign patent, published March 3, 1998, which applicant referenced in the
application when claiming foreign priority based on the foreign application date,
and applicant submitted a certified copy of the original foreign application.
(C) Applicant’s statement in a declaration under 37 C.F.R. § 1.132 that although the
invention as claimed had been offered for sale in department stores in New York
during 1997, this was done only to analyze consumer acceptance of the packaging
in which the invention is marketed.
(D) A journal article, published May 1, 1997, disclosing all the elements of the claim
and teaching how to make and use the claimed invention. The examiner used the
article in combination with another journal article in a previous non-final Office
action to reject the same claim under 35 U.S.C. § 103.
(E) All of the above.
41. ANSWER: (A). MPEP 706.02(a). (B) is incorrect since the foreign patent, published more
than one year before the effective filing date of the application, would serve as a bar regardless
of the attempt to claim priority. 35 U.S.C. § 102(b). (C) is incorrect since market testing is not a
proper exception to a statutory bar under 35 U.S.C. § 102(b). MPEP 2133.03(e)(6). Also, the
facts do not involve testing the invention, but only the packaging. (D) is incorrect since a
reference may be used to reject claims under both 35 U.S.C. § 102 and 35 U.S.C. § 103. MPEP
2141.01. (E) is incorrect since only (A) may not properly be used.